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Queen's University
 

2010 Honorary Degree Recipients

 

 

Karen Armstrong, D.D 

Patricia A. Baird, D.Sc

Thomas A. Cromwell, LL.D Hector DeLuca, D.Sc
Donald Drummond, LL.D Gareth Evans, LL.D
Philip Fontaine, LL.D Rocco V. Gerace, LL.D
Nelson Mandela, LL.D Paul E.P. Martin, LL.D
Parker Mitchell, D.Sc Don Newman, LL.D
George Roter, D. Sc Joe Schlesinger, LL.D
 

 

   

Karen Armstrong, D.D 

Karen Armstrong, one of the world's leading commentators on religious affairs, will receive an Honorary Doctor of Divinity from Queen's University at the Queen's School of Religion 2010 Convocation for Theology programs on May 12, 2010. Armstrong is much sought after throughout the world as a public speaker not only on theology and spirituality, but on the political implications of religious faith in the modern world.

 

A best-selling author whose books have been translated into forty languages, her early work focused on the monotheistic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam and advanced a counter-intuitive theory of religious fundamentalism. She has since begun to explore eastern religions.

 

A nun in the Society of the Holy Child Jesus in the 1960's, Armstrong left the Order while attending St. Anne's College, Oxford University, where she studied English, earning a BA and an MLitt. In the 1970's, Armstrong served as head of the English Department at a girls' public school in London, UK. In 1982, she became a full time writer and television broadcaster. Her television work includes The First Christian, a documentary series on St. Paul (1984), the series Varieties of Religious Experience (1984) and Tongues of Fire (1985). She regularly appears as a religious affairs commentator on radio and television in the United Kingdom and the United States, and is a regular columnist for the Guardian newspaper.

 

In the last decade, Armstrong has become known for her work on Islam and Fundamentalism, particularly in the United States of America. She has addressed members of the United States House and the Senate on three occasions, has participated in the World Economic Forum in New York and Davos, and has spoken at study days at the UN and at the NATO Naval Defense College in Rome. She has also advised members of the Dutch parliament about Islam and the integration of Muslim communities in Europe. In 2005 she was appointed by Kofi Anan to participate in the UN initiative "The Alliance of Civilizations," a high level group aiming for practical guidelines to member states about how to stem the rising tide of extremism. In 2007 she was awarded a medal for Arts and Sciences by the Egyptian government.

 

Author of sixteen books, including the international bestseller - A History of God(1993) ; The Battle for God, A History of Fundamentalism(2000); A Short History of Myth (2005) and Muhammad: A Prophet for our Time(2006), her most recent book, The Case for God, was published to wide acclaim in 2009.

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Patricia A. Baird, D.Sc
 

Dr. Baird was born in Great Britain and was educated in medicine at McGill University. She trained as a pediatrician, further specializing in medical genetics. Her contributions to the field have been in two main phases. The first was focused in the field of genetic epidemiology using population-based data. This work is widely recognized for elucidating the distribution, natural history, and prognosis for several congenital anomalies and genetic diseases. The second was focused on the application of genetic and reproductive technology, in particular its societal, ethical, and policy implications.

 

Dr. Baird has been a member of many national bodies, among them the National Advisory Board on Science and Technology chaired by the Prime Minister, the Medical Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research where she served as Vice-President, then Vice-Chair of its Board. She has been an invited visitor at many universities, both in Canada and abroad, and has served as an expert advisor to the World Health Organization in genetics in recent years.

 

Dr. Baird was appointed by the Prime Minister to head the Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies. The Commission conducted a broad range of research on social, medical, and ethical aspects of the use of these technologies and consulted across the country with Canadians. The Commission’s Report has been widely influential and its recommendations on policy resulted in legislation.

 

Dr. Baird has received many honours, including the Confederation Medal, the Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal, and honorary degrees from McMaster University, the University of Ottawa, and Wilfrid Laurier University. She is a recipient of the Order of British Columbia, and was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2000. She is a specially elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2005 she was appointed Chair of the Premier’s Council on Aging and Seniors’ Issues, whose mandate was to make policy recommendations to the Government of British Columbia, and she has continued to be active in policy development in that field.

 

Dr. Baird is currently a University Distinguished Professor Emerita at the University of British Columbia. .

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Thomas A. Cromwell, LL.D 

The Honourable Thomas Cromwell attended elementary and high school in Kingston, Ontario. He attended Queen’s University, where he obtained a BMus in 1973 and an LLB in 1976. He also obtained an Associate of the Royal Conservatory in Toronto (ARCT) diploma from the Royal Conservatory of Music in 1974 and attended Oxford University, where he earned a BCL in 1977. He began his law practice in Kingston following his admission to the Ontario Bar in 1979 and also taught part time in the Faculty of Law at Queen’s and served as counsel to the Queen’s Faculty Association.

 

Justice Cromwell practised law in Toronto and taught in the Faculty of Law of Dalhousie University beginning in 1982. He worked as Executive Legal Officer to Chief Justice Antonio Lamer from 1992 to 1995. He has also held many other offices: Secretary, Board of Governors, National Judicial Institute, 1992-95; Vice-chair, Nova Scotia Labour Relations Board and Construction Industry Panel, 1991-92; labour arbitrator and adjudicator, 1984-97; President, Continuing Legal Education Society of Nova Scotia; President, Canadian Association of Law Teachers, 1988-89; President, Canadian Institute for the Administration of Justice, 1999-2001; Chair of the Board, Canadian Forum on Civil Justice, 2007-8; Research Director, C.B.A. Court Reform Task Force, 1989-91; and Commissioner, Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, 2002-7. He also served on the Queen’s University Council and on the Faculty of Law’s Dean’s Advisory Committee.

 

Justice Cromwell was an active member of the Canadian Judicial Council’s working committee that prepared the publication entitled Ethical Principles for Judges and its Education Committee. He continues to serve on the Council’s Working Committee on Jury Charges and as a faculty member for education programs for the bench and bar. He has authored or contributed to six books and numerous articles and served on the editorial boards for Canadian Criminal Jury Instructions (CRIMJI) publication and the Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice.

 

Justice Cromwell has received many awards: the C.B.A.’s Louis J. St. Laurent Award of Excellence, 1992; Her Majesty's Jubilee Medal, 2002; the Dalhousie Law Students Society and Dalhousie Law Alumni Association Award of Teaching Excellence, 1992; and, in 2009, he was elected an Honorary Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford.

 

The Honourable Thomas Cromwell was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada on December 22, 2008. He had previously been appointed to the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal on August 27, 1997.

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Hector DeLuca, D.Sc

Dr. Hector DeLuca earned a BA in Chemistry, with honours, from the University of Colorado in 1951, and a PhD in Biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1955 with Dr. Harry Steenbock, a pioneer in vitamin D research. When Dr. Steenbock retired in 1958, he asked Dr. DeLuca to take over his laboratory and carry on his research. Dr. DeLuca accepted. In 1965, Dr. DeLuca was promoted to the position of Harry Steenbock Research Professor, one he retains today. From 1970 to 1986 and from 1991 to 2005, he was also the Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry.

 

Dr. DeLuca has devoted his research career primarily to vitamin D and physiological events linked to the function of this vitamin. His major initial discoveries were the identification of the vitamin D active forms 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and the tissue and sub-cellular localization and characterization of the enzymes involved in the vitamin D metabolic pathways. His research group essentially defined the vitamin D-based endocrine system.

 

After this groundwork had been laid, Dr. DeLuca’s continuing research has made outstanding contributions to various important aspects of vitamin D physiology, metabolism, and function, including cloning the vitamin D receptor, identifying and characterizing the CYP24A1 that degrades the active forms of vitamin D, and elucidating the mechanisms of the regulation of genes by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. His group has made significant contributions in discovering the function of vitamin D in the immune system, in bone resorption and formation, and in reproduction and in calcium and phosphate absorption. Among the most important research activities in Dr. DeLuca’s laboratory has been the synthesis of tissue-specific analogs of vitamin D for the treatment of diseases; this research has resulted in several drugs that are used for various diseases. His group has produced eight pharmaceuticals that are used for the treatment of diseases, including osteoporosis, vitamin D-resistant rickets, and bone diseases linked to kidney failure.

 

Dr. Hector DeLuca has received numerous international and local awards and honours, including the Gairdner Award of Canada. He was elected to the membership of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Sciences in 1979. He is a member of a number of scientific societies. Dr. DeLuca has over 1,150 publications in the fields of vitamin D, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone and vitamin A and he has over 250 active U.S. patents plus over 1,200 foreign filings corresponding to the U.S. patents.

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Donald Drummond, LL.D
 

Donald Drummond was born and raised in Victoria, British Columbia, where he graduated from the University of Victoria. He subsequently received his M.A. in Economics from Queen’s University.

 

Mr. Drummond joined the federal Department of Finance upon completing his studies at Queen’s. During his almost 23 years at Finance, Mr. Drummond held a series of progressively more senior positions in the areas of economic analysis and forecasting, fiscal policy, and tax policy. His last three positions were, respectively, Assistant Deputy Minister of Fiscal Policy and Economic Analysis, Assistant Deputy Minister of Tax Policy and Legislation, and Associate Deputy Minister. In the latter position, Mr. Drummond was responsible for economic analysis, fiscal policy, tax policy, social policy, and federal-provincial relations. In particular, Mr. Drummond coordinated the planning of the annual federal budgets.

 

Joining the TD Bank in June 2000 as Senior Vice-President and Chief Economist, Mr. Drummond leads TD Economics’ work in analyzing and forecasting economic performance in Canada and abroad. For Canada, this work is conducted at the city, provincial, and national levels. TD Economics also analyzes the key policies that influence economic performance, including monetary and fiscal policies.

 

Mr. Drummond travels widely across Canada and abroad, speaking to TD clients and various groups about the Canadian economy and its prospects, and he is frequently quoted by the media on economic and policy issues.

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Gareth Evans, LL.D 

Professor the Honourable Gareth Evans, AO, QC, has been Chancellor of the Australian National University since January 2010, an Honorary Professorial Fellow at the University of Melbourne since July 2009, and is Co-Chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament whose report Eliminating Nuclear Threats was published in December 2009. He is also President Emeritus of the Brussels-based International Crisis Group, the independent global conflict prevention and resolution organisation which he led from 2000 to 2009.

 

Professor Evans spent 21 years in Australian politics, 13 of them as a Cabinet Minister. As Foreign Minister from 1988 to 1996, he was best known internationally for his roles in developing the UN peace plan for Cambodia, concluding the Chemical Weapons Convention, and initiating new Asia-Pacific regional economic and security architecture. Professor Evans has written or edited nine books, most recently The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and For All, published by the Brookings Institution in 2008, as well as over 100 journal articles and chapters on foreign relations, human rights, and legal and constitutional reform.

 

Professor Evans was Co-Chair of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty in 2001, and a member of the UN Secretary General's High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change in 2004, the Blix Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction in 2006, the Zedillo Commission of Eminent Persons on The Role of the IAEA to 2020 and Beyond in 2008, and the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Committee on Genocide Prevention. He is Co-Chair of the International Advisory Board of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect.

 

In January 2010, the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute/Roosevelt Stichting announced that Gareth Evans was the recipient of the 2010 Four Freedoms Award for Freedom from Fear, citing his pioneering work on the Responsibility to Protect concept, and his contributions to conflict prevention and resolution, arms control, and disarmament.

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Philip Fontaine, LL.D 

Mr. Philip (Phil) Fontaine is a dedicated and highly respected figure in Canada. He has been instrumental in facilitating change and advancement for First Nations people from the time he was first elected to public office as Chief at the young age of 28. He is a proud member of the Sagkeeng First Nation in Manitoba and still plays an active role in the support of his community.

 

In the early 1980’s he was elected to the position of Manitoba Regional Chief for the Assembly of First Nations. When his term expired in 1991, he was elected Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs where he served three consecutive terms. He played a key role in the development of Manitoba’s Framework Agreement Initiative, in the defeat of the Meech Lake Accord, and signed an Employment Equity Agreement with 39 federal agencies. In 1997, he stepped onto the national stage where he was elected to the highest elected position in First Nations politics, National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. He recently finished serving an unprecedented third term in office.

 

His list of accomplishments as National Chief include signing the Declaration of Kinship and Cooperation of the Indigenous and First Nations of North America, being the first Indigenous leader to address the Organization of American States, leading the successful resolution and settlement of the 150 year Indian residential school tragedy, which led to the historical Apology by the Canadian government, the Making Poverty History Campaign, lobbying for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People, and negotiating a fair and just process for the settlement of Specific land claims. His belief in creating an inclusive Assembly of First Nations ensured that all information was accessible in both French and English languages, and initiated the Renewal Commission, resulting in a 47 recommendation report on improving the political structure of the AFN, including a universal vote by all First Nations citizens.

 

Mr. Fontaine has received many awards and honours for his work, including seven honorary degrees and membership in the Order of Manitoba. He now owns and operates his own consulting and mediation business, Ishkonigan Inc. He is also a senior advisor to the Royal Bank of Canada, TransCanada Pipeline, and Ogilvy Renault; and is on the board of directors of numerous companies such as Avalon Rare Metals, Plutonic Power and One Earth Farms.

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Rocco V. Gerace, LL.D

Dr. Rocco Gerace was appointed Registrar of the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons in May 2002.

 

From 1997 to 2002, Dr. Gerace served on the College’s Council as the University of Western Ontario representative. He was elected President of the Council in November 2000, for a one-year term.

 

Prior to his appointment as Registrar, Dr. Gerace was an attending staff physician in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the London Health Sciences Centre. He was also a consulting staff member at the Poison Information Centre at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.

 

Dr. Gerace graduated from the University of Western Ontario in 1972. He is a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in Emergency Medicine and a diplomat of the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Dr. Gerace is also certified in Medical Toxicology from the American Board of Emergency Medicine.

 

Dr. Gerace is a professor in the Department of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine at the University of Western Ontario, is past-chair of this division, and held a cross-appointment in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology. He is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto.

 

Dr. Gerace is also the Past President of the Medical Council of Canada.

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Nelson Mandela, LL.D 

His Excellency, the Former President of the Republic of South Africa, Nelson Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918 and was educated at University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand. He joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944 and was involved in resistance against the ruling National Party's apartheid policies after 1948. He went on trial for treason from 1956 to1961 and was acquitted in 1961.

 

Mr. Mandela was arrested in 1962, after setting up a military wing within the ANC, and sentenced to five years' imprisonment. In 1963, when many fellow leaders of the ANC were arrested, Mr. Mandela was brought to stand trial with them for plotting to overthrow the government by violence. His statement from the dock received considerable international publicity. On June 12, 1964, eight of the accused, including Mr. Mandela, were sentenced to life imprisonment. From 1964 to 1982, he was incarcerated at Robben Island Prison, off Cape Town; thereafter, he was held at Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland.

 

During his years in prison, Nelson Mandela's reputation grew. He was widely accepted as the most significant black leader in South Africa and became a potent symbol of resistance as the anti-apartheid movement gathered strength. He consistently refused to compromise his political position to obtain his freedom.

 

Nelson Mandela was released from prison on February 11, 1990. In 1991, at the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa after the organization had been banned in 1960, Mr. Mandela was elected President of the ANC. In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected President of South Africa, a position he held until 1999.

 

The Nelson Mandela Foundation was started upon Mr. Mandela’s retirement from politics in 1999 and focuses on supporting a wide range of projects. In 2007, the Foundation established the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory and Dialogue, which contains an archive about the life and work of Mr. Mandela, ensuring his enormous legacy will be kept alive for future generations.

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Paul E.P. Martin, LL.D
 

The Right Honourable Paul Martin was the twenty-first Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 to 2006.

 

Mr. Martin studied philosophy and history at St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto and is a graduate of the University of Toronto Law School. He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1966.

 

Before entering politics, Mr. Martin had a distinguished career in the private sector as a business executive at Power Corporation of Canada in Montreal and as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The CSL Group Inc. Its acquisition in 1981 represented the largest leveraged buyout in Canada at that time.

 

Mr. Martin was the Minister of Finance from 1993 to 2002, during which time he erased Canada’s $42 billion deficit and recorded five consecutive budget surpluses. He also strengthened the regulations governing Canada’s financial institutions, with the result that Canada is now viewed as an international model for sound financial regulation. In conjunction with his provincial counterparts, he restored the Canada Pension Plan and, in September 1999, he was named the inaugural chair of the Finance Ministers’ G-20.

 

During his tenure as Prime Minister, Mr. Martin was able to set in place a $41 billion initiative to improve healthcare, sign a landmark agreement with the provinces and territories for a national early learning and childcare program, create a new financial deal for municipalities, and redefine marriage to include same-sex couples. Further, he achieved a historic consensus with the provinces, territories, and Canada’s aboriginal leadership on an agreement entitled the Kelowna Accord, the objective of which was to ensure the provision of equal opportunity for Canada’s aboriginal population.

 

Currently, Mr. Martin is the co-chair, with Nobel Peace Prize laureate Wangari Maathai, of a $200 million British-Norwegian poverty alleviation and sustainable development fund for the ten-nation Congo Basin Rainforest. He also sits on the advisory council of the Coalition for Dialogue on Africa, an initiative that examines critical issues facing the continent. It is sponsored by the African Union, the UN Economic Commission for Africa, and the African Development Bank.

 

Mr. Martin also continues to contribute to Canada. The Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative aims at reducing the Aboriginal youth dropout rate and at increasing the number of Aboriginal students attending post-secondary institutions. The Capital for Aboriginal Prosperity and Entrepreneurship Fund helps establish and grow successful Aboriginal businesses both on and off reserve.

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Parker Mitchell, D.Sc

In 2000, Parker Mitchell saw huge potential in the engineering profession’s ability to contribute to a more prosperous Africa. Driven by this belief, he, along with George Roter, co-founded Engineers Without Borders Canada (EWB).

 

EWB works to create opportunities for rural Africans to access clean water, basic infrastructure, and improvements in agriculture. EWB harnesses the problem-solving and pragmatic approach of Canadian engineers to tackle the root causes of poverty in rural Africa. To complement the work in Africa, engagement and advocacy programs in Canada promote responsible global citizenship and more effective aid. To date, EWB has sent 500 volunteers overseas, established 34 chapters across Canada, and attracted 40,000 members.

 

In recognition of EWB’s work and impact, the organization has received almost a dozen major national and international awards.

 

Mr. Mitchell’s contributions have been recognized with the Public Policy Forum’s Leaders for the Future Award and as one of Canada’s Top 40 Under 40. He was featured in TIME Magazine as one of Canada’s next generation of social leaders and was awarded an Honorary Degree from Seneca College.

 

Prior to founding EWB, Mr. Mitchell worked for McKinsey & Co. He holds Bachelor’s degrees in Engineering and Arts from the University of Waterloo, where he was awarded the Alumni Gold Medal, and a Master’s in Development Studies from Cambridge University, where he was a Commonwealth Scholar.

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Don Newman, LL.D 

Donald Newman, award-winning broadcaster and journalist, is one of Canada’s most respected political commentators. Born in Winnipeg, Ontario, he reported for over four decades from every Canadian province, as well as from Washington, London, and the United Nations, interviewed numerous Canadian and international leaders, and covered the major political and economic events of our times.

 

Currently a regular contributor to the CBC, both on television and in writing on its website, Mr. Newman is also an advisor to business and governments, and a sought-after analyst, speaker, and moderator. For 20 years, he served as Senior Parliamentary Editor of CBC Television News in Ottawa, where he anchored live coverage, news specials, and his daily Politics program on CBC’s news channel, which he helped to launch. He is a life member of the Canadian Parliamentary Press Gallery.

 

Mr. Newman was named to the Order of Canada over a decade ago and is also a recipient of the Gemini’s Gordon Sinclair award for lifetime achievement, the Public Policy Forum’s Hyman Solomon Award for public policy journalism, and was the first recipient of the Parliamentary Press Gallery’s Charles Lynch Award for outstanding coverage of national affairs. He holds an honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Winnipeg.

 

Mr. Newman is on the Board of Canada’s National History Society (which publishes Canada’s History Magazine), is Chair of the Selection Committee of the 2010 Canadian Foreign Service Officer Awards, and is Judge of National Newspaper and Charles Lynch Awards, is Chair of the Nominating Committee of the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council, and is a Member of the Advisory Board of Canada 2020. He has also served as President of the Canadian Parliamentary Press Gallery and is the long-serving Chair of its Liaison Committee with the Supreme Court of Canada.

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George Roter, D.Sc

Mr. Roter has been recognized as one of Canada’s leaders in the non-profit sector and believes that Canadians are passionate about driving social change. Mr. Roter co-founded Engineers Without Borders (EWB) along with Parker Mitchell as a movement of engineers driven to create meaningful and lasting opportunities for Africans by tackling the root causes of why poverty persists. EWB envisions a world where the next generation of Africans will have the same opportunities as Canadians today. Mr. Roter continues to serve as co-CEO and EWB has earned its place as one of Canada’s most respected international development organizations.

 

EWB has created an approach to building capacity for bottom-up innovation in African organizations, which allows these institutions to prototype, pilot, and scale impactful programs. EWB has had over 500 staff and volunteers working on agriculture, rural infrastructure, and water and sanitation, focusing on four countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The organization works with 20 organizations which serve over 2.5 million community members.

 

In Canada, EWB engages 50,000 members and 3,000 active volunteers at 35 chapters who, with their actions and voices, work to promote the idea that lasting change in Africa will stem not from charity, but from helping foster opportunity. Since 2000, “EWBers” have spoken to 1,000,000 Canadians in-person, delivered workshops to 125,000 high school students, successfully pushed an aid effectiveness agenda that the government has now adopted, and have raised over $10 million for international development. EWB-designed global engineering curriculum is running at 20 universities, reaching 50% of all Canadian undergraduate engineering students.

 

Mr. Roter is a frequent speaker at conferences and events across North America. He was has been awarded the Young Leaders Award from the Public Policy Forum (2007) and has been named as one of Canada’s Top 40 Under 40 (2005). He was awarded a prestigious Action Canada Fellowship (2004) on public policy, in addition to other EWB-related awards from the Canadian Bureau for International Education (2002) and the University of Waterloo (2000). He has been featured by Time magazine as one of Canada’s next generation of social leaders (2001) and has appeared on television, radio, and in numerous print publications across the country.

 

Mr. Roter holds a Bachelor of Applied Science from the University of Waterloo (1999) and a Bachelor of Applied Studies (Honorary) from Seneca College (2009).

 

When he is only indirectly creating social change, Mr. Roter spends time with his amazing wife Sari Stillman and golden retriever Coel, and would like to think they can all be found paddling their Old Towne canoe down the French River.

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Joe Schlesinger, LL.D
 

Joseph Schlesinger is a veteran Canadian journalist who, for four decades, has reported for CBC Television News from every corner of the world. He has covered wars from Vietnam to the Gulf, with many other conflicts in between.

 

Born in Vienna in 1928, Mr. Schlesinger was raised in Czechoslovakia. In 1939, his parents sent him for safety to England. When he returned to Czechoslovakia at the end of World War Two in 1945, he found his parents had been killed in the Holocaust.

 

Mr. Schlesinger started his journalistic career in 1948 in the Prague bureau of the Associated Press (AP). When the communist rulers of Czechoslovakia started arresting AP staffers, he fled across the Iron Curtain and came to Canada. He became a reporter at the Vancouver Province and the Toronto Star, then an editor at the United Press International (UPI) bureau in London, England, and at the European Herald Tribune in Paris.

 

In 1966, he joined the CBC in Toronto. He served both as Executive Producer of The National and head of CBC TV News. In 1970, he went overseas again, this time as the CBC's Far East correspondent based in Hong Kong. This was followed over the next 20 years by postings to Paris, Washington, and Berlin. In 1991, he became the CBC's Chief Political Correspondent in Ottawa. He retired from the CBC news service in 1994, but has continued to contribute to CBC programs.

 

Mr. Schlesinger reported on wars in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nicaragua, Salvador, and the Israeli-Arab conflict, as well as revolutions in Portugal, Iran, and the Cultural Revolution in China. Fifty years after he first left Czechoslovakia, he returned to witness the Velvet Revolution that overthrew its communist regime.

 

A book of Mr. Schlesinger's memoirs, Time Zones, was published in 1990 and became a best-seller. He has won four Gemini awards, the John Drainie award for distinguished contribution to Canadian broadcasting, and a Hot Doc award for documentary writing. The Power of Good, a documentary he wrote and narrated, won an International Emmy award in 2002. He has also received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Canadian Journalism Foundation.

 

In 1994, Mr. Schlesinger was named a member of the Order of Canada. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by the University of British Columbia, The Royal Military College, and Dalhousie University.

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