FORGETTING and REMEMBERING
Why We Forget
Did you know that about 60% of the material that you read is lost in the first hour after reading?
The primary reason we forget is:
Interference or "The Confusion Factor": e.g. mental overcrowding, multi-tasking. The more similar the event or fact that intervenes, the more likely you will forget.
Other reasons we forget are:
- Negative attitude or self concept e.g. "I have a lousy memory"
- Underlearning: not learned well enough and is easily forgotten
- Disuse: materials is most rapidly lost after initial learning (see statistic above)
- Changed cues: the right cue is missing e.g. you studied one way but the test question is presented in another way
- Lack of attention/ effort/ concentration
Reasons for Forgetting (17 KB)
How We Remember
We remember by: Thinking → Encoding → Rehearsing → Retrieving
We remember in pictures.
Memory is helped by:
- Organization and order
- Funnel approach: moving from general to specific
- Associations/ connections with prior knowledge
- Personal meaning - emotions
- Grouping or chunking
Long term memory is helped by
- Rehearsing : reciting or repeating but in the actual place you need to remember the information
- Elaborating (deep processing)
- Teaching someone
Forgetting: Solutions (18 KB)