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Queen's University
 

PLAGIARISM

Students against whom there has been an allegation of plagiarism will be notified in writing and will be given an opportunity to respond according to the Academic Regulations of the Faculty.  A finding of plagiarism on assignments, reports or examinations will normally result in a grade of zero and will go on record in the Faculty of Arts and Science office.  Additional penalties may also apply (see Arts and Science Calendar). 

Common examples of plagiarism in assignments and reports include:

(1) Identical word-for-word sections from two or more students.   The penalty in this case will normally be applied to all of the students involved.  Unless otherwise instructed, each student is expected to write his/her own assignments / reports in his / her own writing.  Do not allow other students to copy your assignment or report.

(2) Taking credit for written material that was obtained from the internet.

(3) Failing to cite the original source of information or ideas that you use in your assignment or report.
 You must cite any information or ideas that you obtain from the published literature.  By doing so you are acknowledging that the material is not your own and you are giving credit to the original author(s).   

(4) Copying sections, verbatim, from the published literature without indicating quotation.  When you are citing or referring to material from the published literature, it is NOT acceptable to copy paragraphs, whole sentences or even long strings of words within a sentence directly (word-for-word) from the publication .  Even if you cite the article at the end of the text that you have copied, this is still a form of plagiarism because you would be giving the false impression that you had constructed these sentences / paragraphs yourself.  Verbatim citation is used in scientific writing only rarely when it is necessary or particularly effective to use the author’s exact choice of words in order to make a point.  Most of the time this is not necessary and you should use your own words.  If verbatim citation is necessary, then the author’s words must be enclosed within quotation marks to distinguish them from the rest of your text and this must be accompanied by the author’s citation together with the page number in the original article from which the quotation was extracted.  By using quotation marks here you are crediting the wording to the original author, not just the information or idea.  If you extract a sentence or paragraph out of someone else’s work and paste it into your own, it usually sticks out like a sore thumb!  Changing one or two words in a sentence or paragraph from a published article is not enough to remedy this.  Make the point you want to make in your own words using the cited work as the source of support for your argument.
 

Kingston, Ontario, Canada. K7L 3N6. 613.533.2000