Video Captions and Audio Transcripts
Remember the AODA
- By January 1, 2014, new internet websites and web content on those sites must conform with WCAG 2.0 Level A.
- As of January 1, 2021, all internet websites and web content must conform with WCAG 2.0 Level AA, other than, success criteria 1.2.4 Captions (Live), and success criteria 1.2.5 Audio Descriptions (Pre-recorded).
Accessibility Tips: for Video Captioning and Audio Transcripts
- Avoid having an audio or video file play automatically on a Web page. Such a feature is potentially distracting for some users, and could interfere with some adaptive technology.
- Visually impaired users may need additional information about images in a video.
When video files are used in your website, captions or a synchronized text transcript should be provided. Captions not only provide good Universal Instructional Design but are also useful for non-native speakers (for example, ESL), when the video has poor audio quality and when users view the video with audio disabled.
WCAG 2.0 Guideline 1.2.2 — "Captions are provided for all prerecorded audio content in synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such."
Refer to "Video Accessibility" for detailed instructions on captioning videos.
When you use audio files on your Web page, a text transcript or other text-based material should be provided.
WCAG 2.0 Guideline 1.2.1 — "An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content."
If you have a script for an audio or video production, it can be the basis for a text transcript. Otherwise you may need to manually transcribe the text (i.e. play/pause/type into MS Word).
Using speech recognition software can automate some transcription, but should be reviewed for errors and corrected. Example of speech recognition software are Dragon Naturally Speaking (Win/Mac), Speech Recognition built-in to Windows and Dictation built-in to Mac OSX.
Video files should be embedded or displayed in a player that can be accessed by a screen reader by using keyboard commands. Some accessible players include QuickTime, RealPlayer, YouTube and JW Player (version 6 full-screen mode).
WCAG 2.0 Guideline 2.1 — "Make all functionality available from a keyboard."
Avoid having an audio or video file play automatically on a Web page. Such a feature is potentially distracting for some users, and could interfere with speech recognition software.
Visually impaired users may need additional information about images in a video.
Closed Captioning Videos - Select CC to turn on
Open Captioning - captions are already on when video plays
Text transcript of audio file
My name is Melissa Vassallo and I'm a Disability Advocate. I'm a proud alumni of Queen's University.
Accessibility is a hard word for some people because they don't really know what it means. People are afraid of the word disability. Do I say I'm disabled? Do they bring it up? Do they ask me if I need help?
I just find that people are really unsure about what the world of disability and accessibility is all about and it's one that I welcome with open arms. I want the dialogue to be free-flowing and everyone feel that they have a space where they can feel comfortable talking about disability...
Audio Transcript of Koerner Artist in Residence Program, 2003-2009 Video (PDF 32 KB) - Queen's University BFA Programme